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A NOTE: Many readers, including politicians and so-called poll-analysts, were dismayed and expressed surprise when this editorial was published before the Lok Sabha elections. Atal Bihari was at his best at that time and the NDA government had ordered elections earlier than it was scheduled to take the full benefit. The poll results, however, were not to their expectations. But, it was too late to realise the importance of the rural vote. This editorial was based on days and days of research, study of parliamentary proceedings, interviews, interaction with the farmers in far-flung areas, and a thorough analysis of the official economic survey - a copy of which is presented in Parliament every year and made available to every member but hardly read by them. Some day, we intend to publish here a detailed analysis with graphs and statistics to prove our point that it is the farming sector which decides the outcome of the elections.  Also see: Similar Editorial of July, 1999

 

01-15 March 2004

yksdra=k esa fdlkuh dh Hkwfedk

vkxkeh 20 vizSy ls 10 ebZ ds chp Hkkjr dh 14oha yksdlHkk ds fy, fuokZpu gksaxsA lkFk gh lkFk vka/kzizns'k] flfDde] mM+hlk vkSj dukZVd jkT;ksa dh fo/kkulHkkvksa ds fy, Hkh pquko djk, tkosaxsA igyh ckj iwjs ns'k esa  bysDVªkWfud oksfVax e'khuksa ls ernku gksxkA izR;sd ernkrk dks pquko vk;ksx }kjk tkjh ernkrk igpku&i=k ;k oSdfYid igpku&i=k ;k is'k djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA dqy 543 yksdlHkk lhVksa esa 79 vuqlwfpr tkfr] 41 vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gSaA erx.kuk 13 ebZ dks lEiUu gksxhA jk"Vªh; turkaf=kd xBca/ku dh Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds usr`Ro okyh ljdkj bl pquko esa turk ds le{k viuh miyfC/k;ksa dks ysdj tk jgh gSA Hkkjr mn; gks jgk gSA ns'k esa loZ=k [kq'kgkyh & ^^Qhy&xqM** & dk vglkl djk;k tk jgk gSA vVy fcgkjh cktis;h us igyh ckj dsUnz esa ikap o"kZ dh xSj&dkaxzslh ljdkj pykdj jktuhfrd fLFkjrk dk izek.k izLrqr fd;k gSA xkaoksa esa iz/kkuea=kh xzke lM+d ;kstuk] Hkkjr esa mÙkj ls nf{k.k vkSj iwoZ ls  if'pe dks tksM+us okyh Lof.kZe prqHkqZt lM+d ;kstuk ls ysdj xzkeh.k xjhcksa vkSj 'kgjh oafprksa ds fy, vla[; dY;k.kdkjh ;kstuk,a pykbZ tk jgh gSaA fons'kh eqnzk&dks"k 100 vjc Mkyj ikj dj pqdk gSA LVkWd&,Dlpsat esa lsUlsDl N% gtkj fcUnq ikj dj x;kA ldy ?kjsyq vk; esa o`f) rFkk fu;kZr esa Hkh o`f) gqbZ gSA jktuhfrd ny turk dks fj>kus dh frdM+e esa yxs gSa A fQYeh flrkjksa dk bLrseky gks jgk gSA rFkkdfFkr usrk esa<+d dh rjg mpd dj ny cny jgs gSaA turk dk ewM fdlh dh le> esa ugha vk jgk gSA Hkkjr mn; ;k=kk vkSj jksM&'kks ds tfj;s tulEidZ dh dok;n py jgh gSA turk D;k pkgrh gS ;g tkuus dh fdlh dks fpUrk ugha gSA

dkxth rkSj ij [kq'kgkyh ds ladsrksa ds chp ,d NksVh lh [kcj Hkh vkbZ gS ftls fdlh us egRo ugha fn;k D;ksafd og xzkeh.k vFkZO;oLFkk ls lacaf/kr FkhA ^^Ñf"k {ks=k esa] o`f) nj esa fxjkoV vkbZ gS**A  1960 ls 1984 rd Hkkjr ds lHkh pquko ifj.kkeksa dk Ñf"k vFkZO;oLFkk ls tqM+h Hkkjr dh 70 Qhlnh xzkeh.k vkcknh dh ekufldrk dh dlkSVh ij vkadyu djsa rks cgqr Li"V rkSj ij ,d Bksl fl)kar mHkjrk gSA tc Hkkjr dk Ñf"k mRiknu c<+k gS & ns'k dh ldy jk"Vªh; vk; esa o`f) gqbZ gS] izfr O;fDr vk; c<+h gS rFkk egaxkbZ esa deh vkbZ gSA pquko o"kZ esa Ñf"k mRiknu esa o`f) gqbZ gS rks lÙkk/kkjh ny ds i{k esa turk dk >qdko jgk gS A Ñf"k mRiknu esa fxjkoV ds le; fuokZpu dh n'kk esa turk dk >qdko lÙkk/kkjh ny ds fo:) gksrk gSA Hkkjr esa i'kqikyu lfgr Ñf"k {ks=k dk ;ksxnku ldy ?kjsyq vk; esa fujarj ?kVrk tk jgk gSA foMEcuk gS fd Ñf"k mRiknu esa o`f) dk fdlku dh vkfFkZd n'kk ls dksbZ laca/k ugha jg x;k gS A ?kVh njksa ij mlds mRiknksa dks Ø; djds ljdkj mldh vk; fujarj de dj jgh gS A fdlku dtZ ds cks> rys nc jgk gS rFkk ik'k~fod rjhds ls olwyh dj mldk thou nwHkj cuk nsus ds fy, xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa lapkfyr foÙkh; laLFkk,a iwjh rjg ls lfØ; gS A fdlku vlaxfBr gS A viuh leL;k dks ysdj ehfM;k dk njoktk ugha [kV[kVkrk gS A blfy, mldh rdyhQ dk vglkl Hkkjr ds ijthoh oxZ dks ugha gksrk gS A fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk vkSj U;k;ikfydk ds lHkh egRoiw.kZ in vc lqfo/kkHkksxh e/;oxZ ds dCts esa gSa A /kjrh dh okLrfodrk ls dVk ;g oxZ viuh vKkurk dks cqf)eÙkk ekurk gS A uhfr fu/kkZj.k esa bl oxZ dh eq[; Hkwfedk gksrh gS A xzkeh.k Hkkjr dks fgdkjr dh n`f"V ls ns[kus okys bl oxZ us fdlkuh dh ?kksj mis{kk dh gS A 20 Qhlnh 'kgjh laxfBr vkSj mijys rcds dh ekufldrk gh ehfM;k ij Hkh gkoh jgrh gS A Hkkjr dh 70 Qhlnh vkcknh tks Ñf"k dh vFkZO;oLFkk ls tqM+h gS mls fnu esa 12 ?kaVs ds esgur dk ewY; nl ls ianzg :i, izfrfnu ls vf/kd ugha feyrk A gfjr Økafr ds ckn Hkh ldy ?kjsyq vk; esa Ñf"k {ks=k dk ;ksxnku ?kVdj ek=k 24 Qhlnh jg x;k gS A ,slh n'kk esa vc xzkeh.k vkcknh Hkkjr esa ,dek=k foi{kh ny gS A og fujarj ljdkj ds fo:) ernku djus yxh gS A xzkeh.k xjhch dk foLrkj 'kgjh >qXxh cfLr;ksa esa fn[krk gS A Hkkjr mn; ds fy, ljdkjh cqYMkstj mUgsa mtkM+rs jgrs gSa A os Hkh LFkk;h foi{k curs tk jgs gSA budk fo'okl ljdkj ij ls gV pqdk gS D;ksafd izk;% lHkh ny dh ljdkjsa mudk 'kks"k.k dj jgh gSa A dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa dk vkye ;g gS fd ftl e'khujh ds ek/;e ls mls ykxw fd;k tkrk gS mldh dk;Z'kSyh jksd ds fl)kar ij fVdh gS A ljdkjh lsokvksa esa mlds p;u ds le; Hkh ;g ns[kuk t:jh ugha le>k tkrk gS fd okLro esa mlds Hkhrj yksd&dY;k.k dh izsj.kk gS Hkh vFkok ugha \ Hkkjr esa vlaxfBr oxZ dh gdnkjh r; djrs le; lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn&14 dh /kfTt;ka mM+kbZ tkrh gS A lafo/kku ds j{kd ;g utkjk 'kkafr ds lkFk ns[krs pys vk jgs gSaA

xzkeh.k Hkkjr dh bl ekufldrk dks Hkkjr ds fdlh Hkh jktuhfrd ny vkSj jktusrk us vgfe;r ugha nh A Jherh bafnjk xka/kh dks ;fn ;g le> gksrh rks os 1977 dh ctk; 1976 esa pquko djok ysrh vkSj mudh ljdkj vkikrdky ds ckotwn cgqer ds lkFk lÙkk ij iqu% ykSV vkrh A pkS/kjh pj.k flag fdlku iz/kkuea=kh Fks A mUgksaus Hkh bl foKku dks ugha le>k Fkk] vU;Fkk 1980 ds iwoZ ;k i'pkr pquko djokrs vkSj turk ikVhZ iqu% lÙkk ij ykSV vkrh A ljdkj ds lykgdkj ukSdj'kkg gksrs gSa tks fdrkch Kku vkSj 'kgjh laxfBr oxZ dh foÑr ekufldrk j[krs gSa A ehfM;k rks xzkeh.k Hkkjr dks [kkfjt dj pqdk gS A fdlku dk 'kks"k.k dSls gks jgk gS vkSj dSls mls xjhc cukdj j[kk x;k gS ;g ckr tks Hkh jktuhfrd ny le> ysxk vkSj fQj rnuqlkj fdlku ds lkFk U;k; dh uhfr viuk,xk ogh ny vc Hkkjr esa LFkk;h :i ls lÙkk ij vklhu jg ldrk gS A

iz/kku lEiknd

t;Ur oekZ
01&15 ekpZ 2004


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